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儒林外史

朝代:清朝|作者:?吳敬梓|
儒林外史簡介
儒林外史》,長篇小說,清代吳敬梓作。五十六回。成書于1749年(乾隆十四年)或稍前,先以抄本傳世,初刻于1803年(嘉慶八年)。以寫實主義描繪各類人士對于“功名富貴”的不同表現,一方面真實的揭示人性被腐蝕的過程和原因,從而對當時吏治的腐敗、科舉的弊端禮教的虛偽等進行了深刻的批判和嘲諷;一方面熱情地歌頌了少數人物以堅持自我的方式所作的對于人性的守護,從而寄寓了作者的理想。白話的運用已趨純熟自如,人物性格的刻也頗為深入細膩,尤其是采用高超的諷刺手法,使該書成為中國古典諷刺文學的佳作。該書代表著中國古代諷刺小說的高峰,它開創了以小說直接評價現實生活的范例。

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